Terrorism & antiterrorism
Since September 11th 2001, it has been increasingly recognised that all transport modes are at risk from terrorism and crime and a significant number of measures have been taken to improve security, especially in air and rail transport sectors.
However, it has been noted that the inland transport still run bigger risks than the other means of transport. The UN Inland Transport Committee has claimed that due to its nature, the infrastructure is much more difficult to protect as it is generally accessible to the general public at any time and often lacks fully-fledged surveillance. Road goods vehicles are readily available and can be used as either a means of conveying weapons or as weapons themselves
There is also no international body for inland freight security, unlike the ones in maritime and air sectors. The existence of such organisations would make it easier to introduce international standards and rules.
Another problem is a complex supply chain involving thousands of different companies in the international road freight. Lack of harmonised security standards between countries can lead to a serious breach in security on the roads.
According to the UN’s Inland Transport Committee more attention should be given to technological innovations that would make it harder to get hold of a vehicle (vehicle alarm and immobilization systems) and easier to locate a vehicle (installation of global positioning systems). It should be considered to strengthen the training requirements for hauliers dealing with dangerous goods as well.