The road transport policy has always been within the remit of the European Community law. Since the Rome Treaty in 1958, this policy has focused on removing borders between Member States to create favourable conditions for the free movement of individuals and goods. Since 2001 it has been agreed to harmonise the transport policies even further as well as to develop an intermodal connection between different means of transport.

Road transport is the principal means of transport in the European Union for both passengers and goods. The road freight carries more than two thirds of the total tonnage. The European Union legislation sets up safety and environmental requirements for freight transport. In addition, the European Community Law seeks to ensure fair competition all across EU covering a wide range of topics such access to the profession, working conditions and the technical standards of vehicles.